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    万圣节的由来「中英文版」

    时间:2017-11-05 其它技能 我要投稿

      又到了一年一度的万圣节,万圣节 是在每年的十月三十一日,当天晚上打扮得很像鬼,愈吓人愈好。小孩子则忙着挨家挨户要糖果,而且不忘说句「 Trick or treat, 」 (给糖吃,不然就捣蛋 )。万圣节究竟怎么来的?下面yjbys小编为大家分享万圣节的由来吧!

    万圣节的由来【中英文版】

      Halloween is a holiday celebrated on October 31. By tradition, Halloween begins after sunset. Long ago, people believed that witches gathered together and ghosts roamed the world on Halloween. Today, most people no longer believe in ghosts and witches. But these supernatural beings are still a part of Halloween.

      万圣节前夜是在10月31日庆祝的一个节日,根据传统,万圣节前夜的庆祝活动从太阳落山开始。在很久以前,人们相信在万圣节前夜女巫会聚集在一起,鬼魂在四处游荡。现在,大多数人们不再相信有鬼魂和女巫的存在了,但是他们仍然把这些作为万圣节前夜的一部分。

      Some Catholic believers will be alive with ultra virtue canonized in recognition of those believers, side by side for the model followed by other believers. But because believers with extraordinary virtue in fact a lot of it is just unknown, for those who did not fail no smell, the church is not to be established as a saint, it seems a bit unfair, so the All Saints’ Day, Memorial All saints canonized by the church and should be canonized, but not the canonization of believers.

      天主教会将一些生前具有超高德性的信徒封为圣人,以表彰那些信徒,并立为其他信徒所遵循的模范。但因为具有非凡德性的信徒其实不少,只是不为人知而已,对於那些没没无闻的人来说,教会未将其立为圣人,好像有点不公平,所以在诸圣节那天,纪念所有被教会册封的圣人及应该被封为圣人却未被封圣的信徒。

      Some Catholic believers will be alive with ultra virtue canonized in recognition of those believers, side by side for the model followed by other believers. But because believers with extraordinary virtue in fact a lot of it is just unknown, for those who did not fail no smell, the church is not to be established as a saint, it seems a bit unfair, so the All Saints’ Day, Memorial All saints canonized by the church and should be canonized, but not the canonization of believers.

      其实,早在西元前数世纪,凯尔特人(Celts,居住在苏格兰、威尔斯及爱尔兰等地)便在十月三十一日的时候,庆祝一个名为「 Samhain 」的节日。因为在十月?#31069;?#27963;人世界跟死人世界之间的界线会变得模糊,因此死人的灵魂很容易进入活人的世界,跟我们农历七月开鬼门的传说很像。在那一天,大?#19968;?#31359;着奇装异服,在外面游行,希望能把外面的孤魂野鬼给吓跑。

      In fact, as early centuries BC, Celtic (Celts, living in Scotland, Wales and Ireland, etc.) will be at the time of October 31, the celebration called "Samhain" festival. Because in the end of October, the boundaries between the world of the living with the dead world will become blurred, so the spirits of the dead can easily enter the world of the living, with the lunar month we opened the door ghost legends like. On that day, everyone will be wearing fancy dress, outside the parade in the hope that the outside of the ghosts to scare.

      至于南瓜灯的由来,与爱尔兰的一个传说有关。相传古时候有个人名叫 Jack,一天到晚喝醉酒。有一天大概又喝醉了,竟然将撒旦哄到树上,又叫撒旦在树上刻了一个十字架,结果撒旦被困在树上下不来。後来Jack 就跟撒旦谈条件,如果撒旦能保证他死後不会进地狱,就会把撒旦弄下来,撒旦果真答应。然而他不入地狱,却也进不了天堂,只好在黑暗世界中不停地游荡。撒旦给他一个大?#20961;?#25366;空做成的灯笼,里面放着炭火,让他在黑暗的世界中能够找到路。

      As for the origin of pumpkins, with an Irish legend about. Legend has it that in ancient times there is a man named Jack, drunk all day long. One day probably drunk again, even to Satan coax the tree, also known as Satan cut a cross in the tree, the result of Satan trapped in the trees get down. Later, Jack told about the conditions of Satan, if Satan can guarantee that he will not enter hell after death, it will get down to Satan, Satan really agree. However, he does not enter hell, but it also can not enter heaven, but to keep wandering in the dark world. Satan made him a hollowed turnip lanterns, which stood charcoal fire and let him in the darkness of the world can be found in the road.

      这种灯笼称为 Jack-o-Lantern,爱尔兰人在庆祝万圣节时,都会提这种灯笼。本来是?#20040;笸凡?(turnip )做的,後来爱尔兰人移民到美国之後,发现用南瓜来雕刻更加容?#31069;?#25152;以大?#20961;说?#23601;变成了南瓜灯。

      As for the meaning of the word Halloween is derived from All Hallows Eve (Hallows refers to saints), referring to November 1 All Saints’ Day the night before.

      至於 Halloween 这个字的意思,是从 All Hallows Eve (Hallows 指圣人 )而来,即指十一月一日诸圣节的前一天晚上。

      The colors black and orange are also a part of Halloween. Black is a symbol for night and orange is the color of pumpkins. A jack-o’-lantern is a hollowed-out pumpkin with a face carved on one side. Candles are usually placed inside, giving the face a spooky glow.

      黑色?#32479;?#33394;仍然是万圣节前夜的一部分,黑色是夜晚的象征,而橙色代表着南瓜。南瓜灯是用雕刻成脸?#20572;?#20013;间挖空,再插上蜡烛的南瓜做成的,带来一个毛骨悚然的灼热面?#20303;?/p>

      Dressing up in costumes is one of the most popular Halloween customs, especially among children. According to tradition, people would dress up in costumes (wear special clothing, masks or disguises) to frighten the spirits away.

      盛装是最受欢迎的万圣节风俗之一,尤其是受孩子们的欢迎。按照传统习?#31069;?#20154;们会盛装(穿戴一些特殊的服饰,面具或者装饰)来吓跑鬼魂。

      Popular Halloween costumes include vampires (creatures that drink blood), ghosts (spirits of the dead) and werewolves (people that turn into wolves when the moon is full).

      流行的万圣节服装包括vampires(吸血鬼),ghosts(死者的灵魂)和werewolves(每当月圆时就变成狼形的人)。

      Trick or Treating is a modern Halloween custom where children go from house to house dressed in costume, asking for treats like candy or toys. If they don't get any treats, they might play a trick (mischief or prank) on the owners of the house.

      欺骗或攻击是现代万圣节的风?#20303;?#23401;子们穿着特殊的衣服走街串巷,讨取糖果和玩具之类的赏赐。如果他们得不到任何的赏?#20572;?#23601;可能会对屋主大搞恶作剧或者胡闹了。

      The tradition of the Jack o' Lantern comes from a folktale about a man named Jack who tricked the devil and had to wander the Earth with a lantern. The Jack o' Lantern is made by placing a candle inside a hollowed-out pumpkin, which is carved to look like a face.

      南瓜灯的传统来自于一个民间传说。一个名叫Jack的人戏弄了恶魔,之后就不得不提着一盏灯在地球上流浪。南瓜灯是用雕刻成脸?#20572;?#20013;间挖空,再插上蜡烛的南瓜做成的。

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